Chapter 15 -- Gaining the Presidency
Paul realized that he had a tremendous task ahead of him. He had
to set up a national network of supporters to gain the political
influence needed. Simultaneously, a political agenda had to be
developed, capable of persuading the public to support the abolition
His Concerned Citizens Against War organization was made operational
very quickly. The initial group of potential supporters for the
Warless World 2000 campaign was identified. An information network
was developed. The message of the New Abolition of War was spread by
conventional printed, and the newer electronic technologies.
The War Abolition Center started to develop audio-visual and
educational materials for public education. These were disseminated
to influence the media and the political leadership of the nation.
The Center also worked with universities and other sources of
knowledge to develop the feasible programs and actions to abolish
war. A major War Abolition conference was also held. The feasibility
of abolishing war, and the supporting actions needed were explored. A
program was started to secure support for the campaign and its
activities from major religious organizations; business trade
associations; veterans' organizations; professional societies; trade
unions; environmental organizations; and other potential supporters.
Organizational support for Warless World 2000 was ratified by having
the War Abolition Resolution adopted. As the campaign started to gain
momentum, War Abolition rallies were held in Washington, D.C. and
other key cities.
Next Paul turned his attention to the development of a pragmatic
political agenda in support of the New Abolition campaign. It was
very important to select the right title to this new national agenda.
Already both major political parties very making feeble efforts to
capitalize on the resentment of the American voter. Such fuzzy
creations as the New Paradigm emerged, to drop quickly into
obscurity. Paul knew that the ultimate problem was mismanagement and
misleadership. To overcome these problems a total change of mindsets
was needed. Problems had to be identified and matched with available
resources. Rational efforts to solve the problems could be then
developed and implemented. The ultimate result would be a great
transformation of attitudes and ways of handling human affairs, both
nationally and internationally. Accordingly, the name New
Transformation seemed appropriate. This title also fitted
into the cycle of the Great Awakenings that characterized American
history. The New Transformation was to initiate the spiritual rebirth
of America. Such a revitalized nation could then lead all of humanity
into the 21st century, to initiate the New Millennium for human
The goals of the Warless World 2000 campaign were appropriate as a
- The Moral Law Must Govern World Order
- The Social Institution of War and Militarism Must Be
- New Social Institutions to Maintain Peace with Justice Must Be
- Democracy and a Just Social Order within Each Country Must Be
- The Human Rights of Individuals, Ethnic Groups, Religions,
Other Minorities Must Be Assured
- International Cooperation for Economic Development and the
Human Needs Must Be Instituted
- The Planetary Environment Must Be Restored and Protected.
Paul was able to link the national goals of America to these goals
of a world without war. Most of the national problems were linked to
excessive defense expenditures, which in turn diverted the resources
from solving or alleviating social problems. He identified over sixty
major national and world problems, and grouped them into seven
categories. These were: Moral Values; Politics; Economics; Society;
Cities/Regions; Science: and World. Under each of the major
categories there were several problems. For example, the "lack of
national goals and purposes" was in the Moral Values Category. Under
Politics he included "excessive spending for national defense." The
Economics category included the "savings & loan crisis," "lack of
good job opportunities" and the "record level national debt." Among
the problems of Society Paul identified "inadequate educational
system," "decline of the family" and "high rate of crime." It was
then possible to describe the magnitude of the problem, consider
remedies and their costs, evaluate the alternatives, and select the
ultimate affordable combinations of remedial programs.
The New Transformation's purpose was the national revival of America.
The final step was to combine the objectives of Warless World 2000
and the part of the New Transformation that dealt with our
international relations. This was the function of the Grand Moral
Strategy of the United States. The three-fold objectives were:
abolishing war, meeting the unmet human needs, and saving the
planetary environment. The ultimate purpose was the elimination of
the costly political and economic mismanagement of human affairs
world-wide. The actualization or implementation was to be the World
Development Plan. Economic, social and political development was
assumed under the term "Development".
The World Development Plan was intended to function like the Marshall
Plan that put Western Europe back on its feet after World War II. The
proposed beneficiaries were primarily the Third World countries. But
ultimately the benefits of the Plan would also accrue to the
The Operation of the World
Extracted from New Transformation: Blueprint
The World Development Plan would start with
the concerned citizens expressing their misgivings about the State of
the Union through their elected representatives and through the
organizations that share their worries.
World 2000 (Exhibit B) is the
long-term -- about ten years -- plan to mobilize these concerned
citizens and organizations, to demand from our politicians the
leadership and the actions needed to enhance chances of our national
and individual survival. Under the widened definition proposed, this
would include not just the issue of peace among nations but also the
related problems of the world economy and human society.
The New Transformation would function similarly to the New Deal. The
basic premise is that our national and world problems are piling up
to a crisis situation, comparable to the Great Depression that was
emerging before 1929. But whereas the problems of 1920s were
primarily that of the economy, today's potential catastrophes also
include the danger of wars and major environmental disasters. The
magnitude and potential costs are so high that prevention becomes an
absolute necessity. Fortunately, we also have the intellectual
resources to forecast these dangers, and propose the remedies needed.
The United States also has the unique advantage -- for the first time
in human history -- that a great military and economic power can
credibly advocate the abolition of organized warfare. This moral
component can be combined with the substantial economic, human,
financial and other types of resources possessed by us and our allies
to develop the programs and policies we need for survival and
The American electorate will have its opportunity to influence its
political leadership as early as 1992 in the directions proposed by
the New Transformation. The new ideas of the Soviet leadership for
restructuring its society -- and our own thinking about the Soviet
Union and our place in the world -- should be most helpful in moving
us away from the failed policies of the past.
A president and Congress elected with a mandate for change then could
initiate the World Development Plan as the nation's Grand Moral
Strategy. The successful execution of this new initiative not only
would lessen the danger of future wars and violence, but would also
provide the resources needed to implement the other elements of the
New Transformation -- the programs needed to repair the damage to our
economy and society.
New policies and programs for economic development, democratization,
decolonization and de-armament would control our relationships with
the Soviet Union and China, and with the developing nations. We would
reciprocate for the gradual but substantial reduction of armaments
with equally substantial assistance for economic, political and
social development. It is absolutely essential to eliminate both
economic and cultural oppression if we are to eliminate organized
warfare and violence -- which are frequently the last remedy of the
The Department of Peace is the only new government department
proposed for the implementation of the World Development Plan.
Strictly speaking, existing government organizations (e.g., the State
Department) could handle the programs and policies of our new peace
strategy. A major purpose of a separate Department of Peace would be
to give a powerful signal to the world that we are indeed serious
about peace, and that a radically different approach is being
implemented by the United States.
To ensure our physical security we would have to balance our desire
for peace with sufficient military capabilities to deter those who
misconstrue our peaceful intentions as weakness. A New Model Military
System is proposed, which would provide a method of gradually
de-escalating our destructive capacities, matching similar actions of
the Soviet Union and other adversaries.
As part of our new peace strategy, we would try to stop the
development of new destructive armaments. In their place, we could
fund research to start the development of non-lethal, incapacitating
weapons. It would then be possible to separate functionally our
military capabilities. Our armed forces would consist of a gradually
diminishing Strategic & Offensive Force and a non-threatening
Territorial Defense Force.
With the development of the tactics and strategy for conducting
non-lethal warfare, part of our armed forces would be converted to a
Non-Lethal Force. And finally, under the Department of Peace, we
would have the Peace Force, which would use only the non-violent
methods of persuasion, conciliation and mediation of differences.
As our World Development Plan became operational, we would expect the
Soviet Union and others to join us in our quest for world peace. As
they match our strategy of de-armament, more and more of our
resources would move away from the nuclear weapons of our strategic
force toward the non-lethal forces. If the instinct for human
survival is powerful enough, the highly lethal institutions of
organized warfare will gradually disappear. Meanwhile, our physical
security is not endangered by unilateral disarmament, world
government and other unrealistic measures proposed.
Two new types of world organizations round out the World Development
Plan. Economic and political cooperation among nations within certain
geographical areas would help reduce tensions and frictions. The
United States would actively support the formation of Peace
Confederations, through which nations and countries voluntarily would
give up part of their sovereignty in exchange for economic
development and the reduction of the danger of war and violence. The
European Economic Community (EEC) is an operating model for this
After about a decade of successful initiation and operation of the
World Development Plan, humanity would be ready for setting up a
World Authority. The following paragraphs explain the reason for this
organizational component of the system.
Interactions with the International System. In the World
Development Plan only a small role is assigned to the United Nations
-- the organization established after World War II for the specific
purpose of preventing wars and aggression. The reason is quite
simple. The U.N. became so politicised and voting power became so
undemocratic that no major country would entrust its security to that
body. While the U.N. has a valuable role as a forum for discussing
problems, and in sometimes providing peacekeeping forces, there is no
useful mechanism within the organization to perform executive
The World Authority proposed would supplement the operations of the
U.N. by performing impartial conflict prevention, mediation and
resolution functions. The World Authority's effectiveness would be
based on its nature as a service organization. It would coordinate
the operations of other existing world organizations (such as U.N.
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, World Health
Organization, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the
Universal Postal Union, etc.). It also would perform new functions in
the areas of world economic development (providing new international
monetary and communications systems, for example), environmental
preservation, disaster relief and reconciling differences that could
lead to violence. However, its authority would be based entirely on
moral forces, and therefore would present no threat to existing
nation states. Activities of common interest to humanity would be
entrusted to it, while the individual countries would still be
responsible, as much as they want to, for their own affairs.
Substitutes for Organized Warfare and Violence. It is
widely recognized that many national elites can give up their
force-based power only if they are offered comparably valuable
substitutes. The proposed system of world peace recognizes this basic
principle. Once again, the solutions are available.
The Principle of Mutual Advantage. As early as the 17th
century the Dutch legal scholar Hugo Grotius recognized the need to
tame the international anarchy and violence then raging through
Central Europe during the Thirty Years' War. In his renowned On the
Laws of War and Peace he set forth the "principle of
mutual advantage," to replace war as the means of resolving
differences among nations. Economic assistance and the opportunity to
participate in profitable trade in exchange for relinquishing
military power will be major benefits of mutual advantage. Others may
include technology transfer, repairing national and global
environmental damage and help in solving social problems.
Setting Goals for Mankind. More and more, the countries of the
world are beginning to think about the future. Especially among the
industrialized nations studies have been published with the focus of
the year 2000 or beyond. The World Authority would take leadership in
developing similar future-oriented goals and plans for humanity and
the Earth as a whole. Using the best intellectual resources
available, goals could be established for global security, food and
nourishment, energy and resources, economic development and continued
social and political evolution.
Creating the "Moral Equivalent of War." An important role of
the World Authority would be creating and managing the substitutes
for organized warfare and violence. One major need would be to
channel human energies that are expended today in preparing for or
conducting warlike activities. For example, a volunteer "World
Service Corps" could be established, which would engage in such
activities as disaster and famine relief, planting of forests,
reclaiming deserts, managing wildlife and other activities that would
benefit collective humanity. Since most countries would still want to
maintain at least a vestigial military force, parts of its duties
could include participation in similar projects.
Study and Manage Global Problems. There are many problems or
conditions that threaten or weaken the chances for human survival.
Such major dangers as environmental damage, overpopulation and
political or economic mismanagement could be studied, understood and
remedied. Identifying and solving/ameliorating the global problems
would be handled on a consensus basis among nations, under the
guidance of widely accepted global goals, with resources provided
under the principle of mutual advantage.
Peaceful Competition Among Nations. World peace would mark the
end of competition in arms races and other forms of violence.
However, nations could still engage in peaceful commercial,
intellectual and cultural competition. For example, sports could
serve as a means of releasing energies and frustrations of daily
Paul succeeded in putting his war abolition infrastructure in place.
He then started an education campaign to persuade his fellow citizens
that major changes are needed to overcome political mismanagement and
the misleaders who were leading the nation to ruin. His ideas and
principles started to attract numerous followers. He sensed that
gradually public opinion was turning in his direction. His slogan
"Abolish War by 2000" struck a chord with those who felt that a new
age was dawning on humanity as the 21st century approached.
The publicity gained through his activities also helped Paul in
developing the details of the New Transformation agenda. Think tanks,
professional societies, non-profit organizations and scholars were
glad to provide information, ideas and expertise in the various
problem areas. There was a tremendous amount of knowledge available
about problems and possible solutions. It was the lack of political
will and determination that created the mess in Washington, in the
country and in the world.
The tools to select the best alternatives also were on hand. The well
established field of public policy analysis was available to evaluate
the various alternatives, so that the right decisions could be
reached. Using policy analysis it was possible to systematically
identify a set of goals to be achieved, the alternatives for
achieving them, the relationships between goals and alternatives, and
finally a method of ranking and selecting the best solutions. To Paul
it seemed a case of criminal negligence that recent presidents failed
to use the readily available knowledge to give the nation the best
government possible. The colossal mismanagement of America started to
unravel the social fabric of the nation.
But Paul also knew that the best ideas in the world will not do much
good without the right people to implement them. Accordingly he
started to search for the presidential candidate most likely to
accomplish the New Transformation. He knew that the prospective
candidate had to be from the Democratic Party. While the Democrats
safely controlled Congress, they lost the presidential elections five
out of the last six times. Their liberal philosophy became
discredited due to excessive catering to special interests. But the
Republican alternatives did not turn out any better. The many social
and economic problems of the nation became compounded by the deficits
that resulted from the tax cuts and the huge military expenditures.
The Republican presidents became the mismanagers and misleaders of
America. The Democratic Party was capable of developing the
progressive policies that were needed under the New
Paul understood that the election of 1992 was going to be a watershed
event. Political mismanagement could not be tolerated much longer.
The American economy, and the society supported by it, faced many
serious problems during the coming years. The integration of Europe
into an Economic Community was developing another serious world trade
competitor. Japan continued to develop new markets for its products.
The world was threatened by new wars and violence as crumbling
political structures were nourished by an uncontrolled arms
While Paul was concerned, he was also comforted by past history. The
Republic was confronted with major crises before, such as the
threatened dissolution of the Union in 1860 and the Great Depression
in the 1930s. In both cases the federal government prevailed. The
Civil War was successfully conducted by Abraham Lincoln and his
administration. Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal restored the economy
of the nation. Paul could look with confidence to the future. He
expected the emergence of the hidden intellectual and moral resources
of the United States The essential ingredient to success was
Opinion surveys, focus group interviews, reports by concerned
organizations, the printed and video media, all recognized the extent
and seriousness of our situation. The task of the concerned citizens
of the Republic was to convert the election of 1992 into a
"referendum for the future." Paul and his supporters had to supply
the nation's political leaders with the motivation and desire to
support the changes we needed in our national policies and
A competent presidency had to start with new ideas to overcome the
past mismanagement in our government. Many of the existing policies
were bringing America to the brink of economic decline, and moral and
financial bankruptcy. Using our intellectual and moral resources the
New Transformation had to be developed, to become the basis of our
moral, social and economic renewal.
The end of the political mismanagement, and the basis of presidential
competence was the U.S. Grand Moral Strategy, to enable the Chief
Executive to conduct the foreign policy of the Republic with
confidence. This national strategy was based on the abolition of war.
This in turn enabled the implementation of the World Development
Program, to assist the Third World in economic development,
democratization, decolonization and de-armament. This required that
the United States should take on the key role of leadership for world
economic and political development. This national goal was required
to avert a potential disaster through future wars. It also provided a
rallying cause to overcome the fragmentation of society that was
becoming a threat to American democracy.
With this solid ideological foundation presidential competence became
achievable. It became feasible to develop a sound set of policies,
carefully thought out to optimize United States and world economic,
political and social development. This also enabled the rallying of
popular support behind the new congressional legislation needed for
It was possible to develop the special qualities of the competent
presidential candidate. He needed the wisdom to realize that the
United States and the rest of the world community were in serious
trouble and danger because of past mismanagement, bad policies and
uncontrolled technological, social and political forces. He had to
possess the vision to recognize that America and much of the
international community was ready for major changes to ensure
physical survival (reducing the threats of war, hunger and
environmental damage) and political existence (reducing threats to
social institutions, economies and values). Most importantly, he
needed the will (based on determination and moral courage) to effect
the major structural and political changes required to restore
national and world stability and progress.
Presidential leadership was the intangible factor in achieving a
competent presidency. Here again the New Transformation became the
foundation for leadership. There had to be the will to achieve
success. A capability for change and innovation had be cultivated.
The public had to be convinced that positive results could be
achieved in solving or preventing problems. A highly competent
presidential staff had be assembled, capable of the pragmatic use of
knowledge and information in the policy planning and implementation
process. There had to be foresight capability as well, to be able to
avert future problems. And finally, a strong emphasis on moral values
had to dominate the outlook of a successful administration.
Paul understood that a successful presidency had to be planned
carefully. To correct the past political mismanagement, there had to
be the right mixture of planning, organization and management style.
Ideally, this had to be assembled prior to the election campaign.
This would generate the aura and reality of presidential competence
needed to win the election.
The ultimate goal of 1992 presidential election was the development
of a transforming leadership and accompanying political realignment.
Transforming leadership was needed for the crisis situation America
was experiencing. Only transforming leadership had the ability to
motivate people to subordinate shorter-term or more specialized
interests to the achievement of longer-term or higher-order goals.
But the transforming presidential leadership also had to act in a
Because the center piece of the New Transformation was the abolition
of war, the presidential candidate had to be somebody special. He had
to have impeccable credentials on national security. As president he
had to convey strength during the gradual abolition of war, to deter
potential aggressors. And he had to be capable to persuade a
skeptical electorate that he could reverse the presidential
mismanagement that became embedded in the White House.
Fortunately for America, such an ideal candidate did exist. Senator
Jim Carey of Wyoming had all the needed credentials. He won the Medal
of Honor while fighting in Vietnam, and lost an arm while leading his
unit in combat. He was successful in business, and then gained the
governorship of his state. The senator had the charisma and ability
to reach out and connect with his audience. He was also ready to
follow President Kennedy's admonition: "...ask what you can do for
Paul already made contact with the senator's office while doing some
lobbying against the genocidal Khmer Rouge of Cambodia. He now had a
specific program to be implemented, and the greatest challenge
possible to one man. Can the continuing decline of America be halted
and reversed? Can war and militarism, which defaced the 20th century
and caused the most horrible tragedies, be finally eliminated from
This was indeed a challenge that a man with his background and
experiences could not reject. Like Paul, he was one of the hundreds
of millions of victims of war. Although both of them survived their
wars, their experiences left indelible marks on them. For both of
them it became an obsession and mission to keep others from the
sufferings they had to experience.
The senator was already considered by the media as a dark-horse
candidate for 1992. He now found the overriding theme that the
American voter would accept as based on reality. The evidence of
political and presidential mismanagement was all too obvious. Not
even the sharpest public relations charlatans could cover up the true
State of the Union. And grave threats to the future loomed on the
horizon, unless the misleaders and mismanagers were ousted from
power. The senator agreed that the theme of the campaign was to be:
correcting the mismanagement of the United States, which was causing
the decline of the nation. And since war and militarism were among
the biggest causes of mismanagement, that issue had to be addressed
as well. The social institution of war, with its increasingly lethal
arsenal of weapons, threatened human survival directly. It also
diverted scarce resources from economic development. Many incompetent
or tyrannical regimes were kept in power through the military, which
in turn prevented the emergence of democracy and citizen
participation. The institutions of militarism also fostered tribal
mentalities that reduced cooperation for common human goals.
The senator's announcement to enter the presidential campaign created
a great deal of excitement. The better known contenders were
reluctant to enter the race against an incumbent president. The
strong message delivered by Sen. Carey on presidential mismanagement
and his intention to correct it put the White House immediately on
the defensive. The declining condition of the economy and the
continued instability in the Middle East and the Soviet Union
contributed to the anxiety felt by the public. Thus the senator's
message fell on ready ears.
Paul now found himself in the midst of an effort to deliver what he
promised. Working with the issues staff he continued to work out the
details of the New Transformation. The ideas had to be compiled,
methods of implementation had to be considered, costs and benefits
had to be allocated. Differences among contending programs had to be
adjusted. The entire package of recommended programs had to be
related to the federal budget. The cooperation of state and local
governments had to be considered as well. As much as possible the
private sector was included as the initial providers of resources and
services. It was a mighty intellectual effort. But the technologies
of computers and communications made the effort feasible. The instant
transmission of information and the complex processing succeeded in
accomplishing the tasks. The resulting position papers,
recommendations, model budgets and other supporting information made
the task credible. The media dutifully reported the accomplishments,
adding credence to the campaigns promise to manage and lead America
Paul's Warless World 2000 campaign added to the success of both the
nomination and the election campaign. Bringing in the gradual
abolition of war as a doable alternative created additional
excitement to the election year. The public was given new lessons in
history. The abolition of slavery, the Great Awakenings of the past,
the New Deal were again reported. People were able to make
connections between the past and the present. Gradually the voters
realized that past administrations fooled them with promises and
false expectations. Harsh reality came into sharp focus. The careless
mismanagement of the past resulted in such disasters as the huge
federal deficit, the savings & loan scandal, a massive but
virtually useless military buildup. Our trade competitors -- Japan,
Germany and others -- were laughing up their sleeves while America
was gearing up against a wildly overestimated Soviet threat. The
endless litany of problems finally entered into the consciousness of
the least interested voter. But the promise of restoring what was
lost and salvaging what was the best gave hope in the New
The promise of a winner -- after the loss of so many elections -- did
wonders to the campaign. Campaign funding was forthcoming in huge
amounts. The media, as usual, was critical. But gradually the
sincerity of the effort to correct the mismanagement and
misleadership convinced even the most skeptical reporters. Against
this the incumbent president's campaign -- as usual highly dependent
on symbolism and sound bites -- started to lose credibility.
As the primary season started, Sen. Carey moved triumphantly from
state to state. His convincing message and the sincerity of its
delivery came over perfectly to the voters. Here was no empty
figurehead mouthing what his handlers told him to do. He and his
staff could supply convincing reasons for actions and programs
proposed. The theme of his campaign was so compelling that even the
gradual introduction of abolishing war did not create a huge
upheaval. This was Paul's concern. He was worried that the warlike
background of America will great the idea with skepticism. But the
method of presentation -- proposing a gradual approach, with ample
considerations to national security -- appealed to the pragmatism of
most Americans. Unrestrained military spending became such a
pocketbook issue that most voters felt relieved that the waste and
danger of militarism could stop.
The opposition dropped out early during the primaries. The Democratic
convention was almost an anticlimax. Even the insertion of the war
abolition plank into the party platform was accepted as reasonable.
Sen. Carey was nominated on the first ballot. To reassure the more
conservative segments of the electorate, he selected as his running
mate Sen. Dunn of Georgia, a leading advocate of a strong military.
Abolishing war gradually would not impair America's national
Election 1992 was in many way a first in American history. Sen. Carey
was able to demonstrate his competence continuously. A
well-organized, well-managed campaign staff operated smoothly and
efficiently. Paul was able to help, providing continuous support to
the New Transformation agenda. By then he had an active network of
experts from the universities and think tanks of the country.
Questions that emerged during the campaign were answered quickly and
accurately. The public was almost deluged by facts and figures about
the impact of the new programs proposed. But the press and the media
did a good job of conveying and interpreting the information. This
effort made the incumbent president's campaign look inept and weak.
The electorate was able to look through the smoke screen of symbolism
and negative campaigning. The cheap tricks stopped working.
As an ultimate in confidence building, Sen. Carey announced the
tentative selection of his cabinet. For the first time in history,
the American voter had a chance to observe the management team that
was to guide the nation in the next four years. The high quality of
the people who accepted the honor and obligation gave further
credibility to the campaign. Paul felt honored when he was designated
as the future Secretary of Peace. For the first time in the history
of humanity a great power announced its commitment to world peace.
The announcement gave further impetus to the campaign through the
many Warless World 2000 supporters.
Even with all these special efforts Election 1992 was not an easy
one. The incumbency did offer many advantages, and the Republican
campaign was well-financed. But ultimately Sen. Carey, like Sen.
Kennedy in 1960, was able to persuade the electorate that it was time
for a change. The New Transformation of reform, conducted against
mismanagement and misleadership, and based on initiating the
abolition of war and the solving of national and world problems
gained the election of 1992. Substantial gains were made by Democrats
in the congressional elections as well. The new president was assured
strong backing for implementing the New Transformation.
Paul's dream of abolishing war was becoming more and more real in the
"land of the limitless possibilities."