The presidential transition of 1992 provided the opportunity to
start the restoration of good management in the federal government.
The New Transformation provided the basic outline for goals to be
met, and programs proposed. The transition team now moved to
integrate the new or modified programs into the existing budgetary
and governmental organization structures. In this effort much
assistance was provided by the existing civil service employees. Most
government workers were demoralized after the mismanagement of the
last three administrations. They were eager to work with the new
administration to restore their reputation as loyal, efficient
Paul's main interest naturally involved initiating the abolition of war. He knew that progress could only be done gradually. His efforts involved mostly the planning of the consolidation of existing peace-related agencies into a future Department of Peace. To retain the credibility needed, he started to involve some key members of the Veterans Against War organization. They served in the wars of the United States. Nobody could doubt their loyalty or their concern for America. They were the ideal emissaries to the public and to the professional military in moving gradually toward abolition.
Not surprisingly many of the professional military officers were not averse to the ideas. Increasingly they realized the insanity of building more and more lethal weaponry, and making them available to the most ruthless dictators and tyrants. And of course the careful approach of Paul to the abolition of war gave due recognition to the continuing role of the military.
The president-elect used this period to lay the groundwork for the Grand Moral Strategy he intended to follow. He visited the leadership of the Soviet Union, to begin a relationship of cooperation in place of confrontation. It was in the interest of the major military powers to move away from the military spending that created nothing but instability and more violence.
The new president's inaugural was eagerly anticipated. World-wide media coverage was unusually extensive. President Carey met the expectations of his audience. He pledged to correct the mismanagement of the past both domestically and internationally. In the first half of his address he listed the government programs he intended to implement. Starting with total education reform -- involving heavily the states -- he went on with the major programs to restore our economic competitiveness, improve the family, rebuild the infrastructure, and all the other major programs to achieve the New Transformation. While America listened hopefully to the new initiatives, the rest of the world was not too interested in the local concerns. But everyone was most anxious to hear the message of America's proposed world leadership.
They were not disappointed. The president outlined in great detail his vision of the emerging world without war and with greatly reduced levels of violence. A powerful consortium of countries now fully disillusioned with war and militarism was to be assembled. The consortium included, in addition to the United States, the European Economic Community, the Soviet Union, Japan, and the other industrialized or industrializing countries. They would pledge to begin to cut radically their military expenditures. They would also stop the selling of their military technologies to non-democratic governments. And best of all, they would use their tremendous economic power to bring up the undeveloped countries to prosperity and progress. This would be done under the auspices of the World Development Plan. Existing military organizations would be converted to peaceful functions. Defense-related industries would similarly move into the production of civilian goods. The unemployed in many countries would be mobilized, to build new roads, dams and other infrastructure components. A worldwide network of television and other communications methods would be established, to move populations away from narrow tribalism to a more inclusive appreciation of our common humanity. By moving away from enmity to amity, the causes of violence would diminish, bringing closer the advent of the warless world. The communications network also would be used to increase the knowledge and productivity of farmers and workers, and thereby make their countries more prosperous.
America could introduce the ultimate moral
component into our national grand strategy: Abolish War for Human
Survival. The Grand Moral Strategy would be implemented as the World
The U.S. Grand Moral Strategy could achieve all these, and more:
The real national interest of the United
States is to help to create a world where amity is encouraged in
place of enmity, major actions are taken to reduce avoidable human
suffering and a concerted effort is made to restore the global
The Need for American Leadership
In our world today, where we have presumably reached the pinnacle of civilization, military power still determines world leadership. Military experts measure the capabilities of the United States and the Soviet Union in terms of combat power, megatons of TNT explosives, and so on -- essentially the ability to create death and destruction on a massive, almost unimaginable scale.
We cannot expect other nations, cultures or societies to be our willing followers when we base our leadership mostly on death and destruction. The moral obligation of a true superpower is to create life, to promote survival and to lead the way to a higher level of civilization for all mankind.
The United States does have the resources to exercise the kind of leadership the world needs. But this must be a leadership based on the moral obligation that results from the fortunate experiences of inheriting a rich continent and a political system that favors freedom and liberty. In the end, world leadership means the willingness to be a role model and a provider of services, economic assistance and other benefits to the needy peoples of the world. The United States started along this road once. After World War II the Marshall Plan provided assistance to defeated enemies, in place of the traditional exploitation and domination that was the fate of the vanquished. America, the Hyperpower, must resume the course that was interrupted by the enmity stimulated by the Cold War.
World Role for the United States
America should serve as leader and role model to the rest of the world, for the following reasons:
a. We have an opportunity to shape the nation's (and the world's) future in positive directions. However, the purpose is not simply to change from the position of world policeman to the equally negative role of world moralizer. It is in our own best interest to move away from the manufacture of essentially nonproductive armaments to a healthy, productive economy and the reallocation of resources to social needs.
b. We also can create the motivation to develop workable programs and policies that solve problems and make the future better than the present. Properly designed economic and social programs can yield major improvements in our productivity and social cohesion. Our strength abroad, as perceived by others, would also greatly increase. Prestige, power and influence reached by moral means is far more durable and lasting than fear-induced submission to our will.
c. We can also foster political democracy world-wide. Our example and support could prevent incompetent elites from gaining or retaining power. By addressing the social and political problems of the world we also can reduce potential causes of violence and terrorism.
The American Grand Moral Strategy in Action
A high moral purpose -- in the continuation of our best traditions and values -- would combine with our economic and survivalist interests to become a new American world mission. Our purpose would be to shore up our threatened economic and political position by providing to the rest of the world -- and especially to the developing countries -- services for economic and political development. This "world mission" would provide the basis for the U.S. Grand Moral Strategy in international affairs:
The "world mission" would also provide our economy with new "products and services," as the move toward the post-industrial society takes place, e.g.,
America's world mission would be implemented through the new, systematic approach to international relations:
that could also form the basis of a policy
of cooperation with the Soviet Union. Specifically, we could work
with our allies and the Soviet Union -- in conjunction with their new
policies of reform -- in each of these areas:
a. Development -- world and national; to support global economic development by providing resources, not only in funds, but personnel, education and other support.
b. Democratization -- to support global social development by fostering the emergence of democratic, representative political institutions in every country.
c. Decolonization -- complete the process initiated after World War II, but now focusing mainly on repressed ethnic minorities and the violation of human rights. This would be accomplished not through fragmentation of existing national boundaries, but through greater federalization and cultural self-determination.
d. De-armament -- continue the policy of moving away from organized warfare and the resolution of differences by nonviolent means. The existing global political balance is to be maintained by a minimum force required.
e. Cooperation -- engage in mutually beneficial projects with the Soviet Union and our allies in the areas of scientific and medical research, restoration of the global environment, space exploration and the like.
Steps in World Economic Development
The actions and activities needed for a successful program of world economic development are reasonably well understood and could be quickly implemented. Much has been learned from the mistakes made during the past decades of development efforts.
a. Summarize information about the world's population, environment, resources, problems and successes.
b. Develop a set of widely accepted "Goals
for Mankind" that would result in sustainable development (i.e., a
strategy that manages available resources for increasing long-term
wealth and well-being), family planning policies, ecological
restoration and other needed actions.
c. Formulate the general strategy to be employed -- a systematic approach to international relations using savings from de-armament to finance development. The global Marshall Plan approach would be used, but repayable with development assistance by the recipients to lesser developed countries. Private enterprise, including multinational corporations, would have a significant role, in place of the failed centralized planning methods used in the past.
d. Use fully the available resources for world economic development. The United States with our allies can easily become an "engine" for world economic development and political evolution. A sizeable infrastructure is already in existence:
The United States is also important as a
role model. It is possible to have, even on a continental scale, a
stable government, a multi-racial, multi-ethnic society, a strong
economy, and so on. We are also not threatening to neighbors, e.g.,
our borders with Canada and Mexico are demilitarized.
e. Shift resources saved from our peace strategy to economic development. There is a major role here for the U.S. (and allied) economies. The industrial nations' economies should supply:
Our world economic development strategy would accomplish the following:
There are many beneficial effects of moving
from a war-oriented economy and foreign policy to a peace-oriented
economy and foreign policy.
Implementing the New Transformation and the World Development Plan would reverse the negative trends caused by our current policies. The strong incentives of trade and economic development offered to the Soviet Union would secure its participation in the extensive reduction of both nuclear and conventional armaments. This new era of superpower cooperation would result in a much reduced danger of nuclear and conventional war. The participation of both the Soviet Union and our allies in our program of abolishing organized warfare would start the reduction of the arms trade to the Third World countries. Setting up special conflict resolution and conciliation mechanisms would tend to reduce political tensions, and further decrease the danger of unintended war and terrorist attacks. These actions and activities would improve our physical security almost immediately.
A similar improvement to our economy would be the next benefit. Substantial savings in defense expenditures would be obtained by stopping the arms race and ending the military confrontations in Europe and the Pacific. Under the economic and social program of the New Transformation, the gradual balancing of the budget will become feasible, with only a relatively small increase of taxes. Resources would be available for improving our economic productivity and solving our social problems, including the weaknesses in our education system. Our ability to compete in world trade would be greatly enhanced, as research expenditures and human resources would be shifted to the non-military sector of our economy. Strengthening our economy and society would strongly expand our national prosperity.
The end of the arms race would also enable us and our prosperous allies to increase considerably the funds available for assisting the developing world. Halting their own regional arms races and providing financial and technical assistance would start the process of improving their economies and political systems. Gradually, the developing world -- with the assistance of the industrial nations -- would start generating the resources needed to solve their population and social problems. Again, setting up the conflict mediating and resolution mechanism would reduce political tensions and allow the necessary concentration on economic and social development. The successful development of the Third World would also open huge new markets for our high-tech and other products, all contributing to American prosperity.
Finally, the collective resources of all of humanity would be available to repair the damage caused to our planetary environment. This would prevent such dangers as the global warming trend and the depletion of the ozone layer.
Not easily measurable, but immensely valuable, would be the satisfaction of regaining our almost lost moral standing in the world. America's leadership in enhancing humanity's economic and political development -- and survival -- would give a considerable lift to our collective self-esteem and national pride.
To promote the peaceful resolution of
international conflict, and facilitate the abolition of the social
institution of organized warfare.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,That this Act may be cited as the "War Abolition Act".
The Congress declares that the United States has an urgent and continuing responsibility to seek world peace and has undertaken obligations to seek world peace under the Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1929, the Nuremberg Charter of 1945, and the United Nations Charter. It is the purpose of this Act to meet these responsibilities and obligation and to provide the means to seek and achieve the peaceful resolution of international conflict by abolishing organized warfare and violence as a social institution of Homo Sapiens, the dominant species inhabiting the Planet Earth.
SEC. 101. There is hereby established at the seat of government, as an executive department of the United States Government, the Department of Peace (hereinafter referred to in this Act as the "Department").
SEC. 102. (a) The Department shall be
responsible for carrying out the purpose of this Act. In achieving
such purposes, the Department shall --
(1) develop and recommend to the President appropriate plans, policies and programs designed to foster world peace by the abolition of war and the abatement of organized violence between and among human groups;
(2) exercise leadership in coordinating all activities of the United States Government affecting the preservation or promotion of peace and the abolition of war;
(3) cooperate with the governments of other countries in research and planning for the peaceful resolution of international and intergroup conflict, and encourage similar action by private institutions;
(4) cooperate with the governments of other countries in transferring resources from military expenditures to the meeting of human needs world wide;
(5) encourage the work of private institutions and groups aimed at the resolution of international and intergroup conflicts, and the transferring resources from military expenditures to the meeting of human needs world wide.
SEC. 103 (a) There shall be at the head of
the Department a Secretary of Peace (hereafter referred to in this
Act as the "Secretary"), who shall be appointed by the President, by
and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(b) There shall be in the Department an Under Secretary of Peace and four Assistant Secretaries, each of whom shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
(c) The Secretary is authorized to appoint and fix the compensation of additional officers and employees, and prescribe the functions and duties of personnel of the Department.
SEC. 104 (a) There are hereby transferred to the Secretary all functions which were carried out immediately before the effective date of this title --
(1) the Agency for International Development
(2) the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
(3) the Peace Corps
(4) the Food for Peace program of the Department of Agriculture.
(b) The functions, powers, and duties of
the Secretary of State, relating to the specialized agencies of the
United Nations Charter, are transferred to the Secretary of Peace
(c) The Secretary is authorized to establish a Peace Force, to facilitate the abolition of war and the prevention, resolution and abatement of violent conflicts among countries and human groups. The Peace Force is to be a uniformed, but unarmed organization, relying entirely on moral force and persuasion in conducting its operations.
(d) The Secretary is authorized to work
with the Department of State in coordinating the foreign policy of
the United States of America as it pertains to the abolition of war
and the prevention, resolution and abatement of violent conflicts
among countries and human groups.
(e) The Secretary is authorized to work with the Department of Defense in setting up a Non-Lethal Force. The Non-Lethal Force shall be part of the Department of Defense, as one of the services controlled by the Department of Defense. It shall be armed with non-lethal weapons and armaments, to eliminate casualties while abating violent conflicts among countries and human groups. The Non-Lethal Force is to go into action after the Peace Force is unable to perform its mission due to the severe nature of the conflict.
SEC. 105, etc.
(The remaining part of the BILL deal with
administrative details and procedures)