Chapter 19 -- Redrawing the Map

It was indeed fortunate that America initiated the Grand Moral Strategy, with its abolition of war and reduction of communal violence. Religious violence diminished in the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent after the several peace initiatives. But a number of the artificially created nation-states of Europe and Africa were falling apart. Yugoslavia separated into a confederation of Croatia, Slovenia and Serbia. Czechoslovakia divided into its component Czech and Slovak states. The Baltic countries of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia were allowed to leave the Soviet Union. In South Africa finally recognition was given to the tribal divisions of the country, and the white "tribe" agreed to share power with the Zulus and the other tribal communities. As people all over the world demanded more cultural and economic independence, their tribal or ethnic domination over their own territories was recognized. This trend was beneficial for minimizing conflict and diminishing the military capabilities of the various countries. To provide counterbalancing benefits, the Grand Moral Strategy promoted the setting up of peace confederations. These superregions of the new or existing states merged cultural independence with the benefits of larger, more competitive economic regions. Soon the European Economic Community of Western Europe had its counterpart in the rest of Europe: a confederalized Soviet Union and the Danubian Confederation of Central Europe.

Paul's Department of Peace and their colleagues at the State Department were kept busy with providing guidance and financial aid to the new political entities. There was much concern among some of the European Economic Community countries that the new federation will be controlled by the economic and financial might of Germany. Formally converting the European Community into a peace confederation eliminated these concerns. The danger of German economic power becoming a military power was prevented. It also gave a higher purpose to the new federation. The reduction of military expenditures provided greater prosperity and supplied the resources for helping the development of the Third World.

Paul now took the leadership in persuading countries to formally abolish war and militarism. Costa Rica was the first nation that took this action in 1949. Now other countries were given the opportunity to become a "peace nation," one that reached the next highest level of civilization by abolishing war. Many European countries quickly accepted the challenge, since the international situation stabilized and the danger of conquest disappeared. To Third World countries it was possible to use the incentive of increased aid and the offer of protection through the superpower peace consortium. The United States provided technical and other assistance is converting existing military establishments into New Model Armies. Peace nations eventually had only Non-Lethal and Peace Forces, to provide the minimal internal violence prevention needed.

The Peace Department was busy churning out super-optimum solutions, to resolve the problems of ethnicity, religious conflicts, cultural and class differences and other remnants of the tribal mindsets of humanity. Now the promise of a brighter future started to develop a feeling of common humanity. The generous economic aid provided under the World Development Plan was the ultimate motivator of the process. And the abolishing of war supplied the resources needed.

Cutting down on our unsustainable levels of military spending started a healing process of the economy. A start was made toward reducing our excessive levels of debt. America also started to modernize its manufacturing and service technologies. Computer-aided methods and robotics were applied to the flexible manufacturing systems, the fully automated production lines. The product life cycle generation methods of ideas, invention, innovation and imitation -- so successfully practiced by Japanese industry -- were adopted by America. In addition, leadership by the United States succeeded in restructuring the global financial system.

Following the lengthy recession of the early '90s the American economy rebounded. Improved products and processes greatly reduced the labor, natural resources, energy and services needed. As economically wasteful military spending was reduced, greater investments were possible in the civilian sector of the economy. The World Development Plan also started to make substantial progress. The Third World debt was refinanced. Major environmental problems were attacked, such as deforestation, topsoil loss and desertification. Plans were made to eliminate the shantytowns of the large urban areas in the developing world. The building of new homes, schools and hospitals; water and sewage disposal facilities; new roads and transit systems were made possible by eliminating the unneded, redundant armies.

New economic structures throughout the world created new opportunities, but also potential dangers. In the Pacific basin, economic collaboration between Japan and China was intensifying. Japan also gained much influence through massive aid and investments in many developing countries. The United States was falling behind Japan, until finally the New Transformation started to shift military spending into export-generating productivity.

In Europe the integration into the European Economic Community was proceeding on schedule. Again there was some danger that America will be locked out behind the trade barriers that were being erected. Although a North American Free Trade Zone was set up with Canada and Mexico, this arrangement could not match the economic opportunities of the European trading bloc. In East Asia, a similar economic powerhouse was emerging, with Japan, Korea, China, Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia participating. It was anticipated that by the year 2000 the aggregate gross national product of this trading combine would reach that of Europe or North America.

The World Economic Plan changed the threats into opportunities. The stated goal of America to help the Third World to modernize through the World Development Plan increased the need for cooperation among the new trade blocs. It was difficult politically to justify selfish protectionism, when America was lowering trade barriers and provided generous assistance. And finally, the abolition of war effort resulted in substantial savings in military expenditures. A part of this savings was converted to development aid, which created further business opportunities and markets. The on-going reduction of trade barriers further stimulated the growth of the Third World economies, and of the trading blocs themselves. Finally it was realized that all countries were customers of each other. They must all continue to grow and prosper so that they continue to be customers. There was no greater stimulus to human cooperation and the reduction of enmities than the abolition of war and the growth of the national economies busily exchanging goods and services. Thus it was only natural that American industry and business became partners of the European and Pacific trading blocs, rather than competitors. The barriers among countries were breaking down, bringing prosperity and opportunities to billions.

Paul and his Department of Peace did not overlook the proper role of the military in the emerging Warless World. Working with the Department of Defense gradually new roles were carved out for the professional military. A global satellite surveillance and monitoring service was set up to keep track of the remaining military threats. A World Constabulary Force was also established, consisting of specialized units of the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union. This organization replaced the previous informal arrangements of the superpowers. The Constabulary Force was to be deployed against the remaining sources of war and violence. These included clandestine armaments by military holdouts, and actual or threatened hostile military moves. A genuinely international force also was being established. The Gurkhas of Nepal, once among the most feared of mercenary soldiers of the British Army, were now recruited to perform police-type missions with non-lethal weapons. The Gurkhas formed a new elite force within the organization, to ensure impartial enforcement of world law against terrorists, drug dealers, arms smugglers, and other disturbers of the tranquility of the planet.

Perhaps the most important functions of the converted military forces involved the combat engineering functions. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and their counterparts in the other major armies were now available for developing and repairing the transportation infrastructures of many regions. Roads, canals, dams and bridges were restored or constructed, utilizing the millions of unemployed or underemployed young men over the world. The same skills and management capability also became available for environmental protection and restoration programs. Billions of trees were planted, soil erosion and flood control projects were undertaken, and other needed activities were initiated. Great progress were made toward one of the objectives of the Grand Moral Strategy: Save the Earth!


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