Chapter 20 -- The World Development Plan in Action

Another momentous year has passed. In the United States the presidential election year confirmed the success of the Carey Administration's policies. An overwhelming victory in the electoral college was bolstered by the return of a still more supportive Congress. The Olympic Games in Atlanta reinforced the global spirit of togetherness. The World Development Plan created the kind of human unity that the Games were originally designed for.

The Olympic Games and the establishment of the Pacific Trade bloc conceived an almost irresistible deadline for another long-awaited event. The passing of the dictatorial regime of North Korea finally allowed the unification of that troubled peninsula. Paul and the Department of Peace were instrumental in completing the negotiations. Naturally, one of the conditions was the abolition of the huge military forces that previous enmities and hostilities created. Another peace nation and democracy joined the world community.

Following the example of the United States, more and more countries were setting up their own Peace Departments. Paul was fostering a spirit of cooperation with these examples of peaceful intentions. Using the modern communications techniques constant liaison was maintained among the major countries possessing these governmental organizations of the coming millennium.

Previously War or Defense Departments vied with each other in plotting the destruction of fellow humans and wasting the labors and lives of entire generations. The Peace Departments did exactly the opposite. They planned together for improving the human condition and survival, using resources saved to make life better for the present and future generations. With the right leadership and proper management it was possible to move in a few years from Departments of Death to Departments of Life!

Under the skillful guidance of Paul and his fellow Secretaries or Ministers of Peace major human problem areas were tackled under the World Development Plan.

Probably the biggest payoff was in the field of education. Proper education could maximize the human potential. People were our greatest resource, and investing in the human brainpower had the best possible payoff. Paul knew that a properly educated humanity would overcome all obstacles to progress and development.

Modern technology made mass education of the Third World populations inexpensive. It was now feasible to broadcast television educational programs by satellite to classrooms in the most remote villages. This mass education by television and satellites also was used to unite humanity. Much of the tribal mindsets that divided humanity could be changed by showing the common humanity we all possess -- the shared values, goals and accomplishments.

A "Global Education Council" was set up to achieve the common classroom of the global community. The curriculum included the basic educational needs and the skills needed for the future: social, technological, economic and political.

Electronic education also was developed on the university level. Courses were broadcast world wide. Interactive teaching was made possible by computers and communications technologies. Knowledge and information also was accumulated into subject-related databases that were accessible by those in need for specialized information. Thus farmers could learn about methods to improve crop yields. Women could learn the right techniques of family planning. Those in business could get advice from their more knowledgeable counterparts in the developed countries. The passing of the educational knowledge and information through education and communications continued to increase human wealth.

Developing new technologies and disseminating information about them was another key to economic development. Economic modernization was made possible by investing in new technologies, and creating additional wealth through the production of goods and services. Increasingly this was facilitated world wide by automation and robotics.

A systematic approach to technology transfer also facilitated economic growth and industrial development. There were four major areas of technologies that were supported under the World Development Plan:

Growing computer power strongly facilitated technological developments. Building the global electronic highway -- a global information utility -- was the next major task for unifying humanity. An infrastructure of computers, communications networks and satellites, using standard components, provided this capability. Instantaneous and virtually unlimited telecommunications was made available for transferring technologies and knowledge to the developing countries. Under the World Development Plan most countries also moved away from protectionism toward global cooperation for economic development.

Another vital component of the World Development Plan was the restoring of the planetary environment. Global warming, the depletion of the ozone layer, continuing deforestation and desertification were becoming increasingly serious threats to human well-being. While such factors as the increase of populations, misuse of technology and lack of money were blamed for environmental decline, the real cause was lack of political will and governance. The comprehensive approach to the solving of world problems overcame these barriers.

Existing programs to replant forests were substantially enlarged in many countries. Throughout the world soil erosion was halted, deserts were pushed back, forests were replanted and agricultural output was extended. These interlinked activities also improved the climate. The existing Global Environment Monitoring System was enlarged, so that air and water pollution could be controlled and eventually eliminated. Here again, the savings from the abolition of the military establishments provided the necessary funds. In every country part of the military was converted to environmental protection and restoration tasks.

As the abolition of war and the World Development Plan continued to make progress, questions started to emerge about the future of governing the countries of the world. President Carey's administration and the New Transformation made big strides in eliminating, or at least reducing the worst dangers to peace and human development. But America could not be expected to remain the world leader in perpetuity. The politicians of the world had to make the global system governable through citizen participation, to solve problems, maximize opportunities and satisfy reasonable human aspirations. Otherwise there was a danger that the progress made toward the Warless World will be halted and even reversed, so that a new era of instability would emerge.

The technological and economic cooperation among nations fostered by the Grand Moral Strategy moved the world well along the road of peace and prosperity. The abolition of war enabled all countries to benefit through economic development and interdependence. A common set of human values was emerging that opposed armed conflict and violence. There was a move away from tribalistic, non-democratic concept of governance toward universal human values. At long last, the drive for human survival was overcoming the primitive instinct of nationalistic tribalism.

Many of the Third World countries also were making substantial progress. Leading them was China. Giant strides were made in modernization. Cooperation with Japan gained huge investments in industrial capacity. Unification with Taiwan and Hong Kong further aided the economic and social development of the nation. It was fortunate that the World Development Plan was accepted by China. Without the abolition of war they would have also become a military superpower, increasing the danger to peace and human survival.

The World Development Plan continued to foster technological progress, economic self-sufficiency and political maturity among many of the Third World countries. Increased educational opportunities and the influence of the global television media made more and more people realize the need for democracy. Tribal and ethnic hostilities also weakened, especially in Africa. The presence of volunteers from the industrialized countries helped in this process. How could one remain hostile to neighbors, when young people from far-away countries demonstrated by example the common origin of Homo sapiens?

The World Development Plan came at a most opportune time to India. The country was being polarized by many types of differences. Rich and poor, Hindu and Muslim, members of different castes, ethnic majorities and minorities, urban and rural masses, all were engaged in conflict. These divisions threatened India with a break-up. A huge military establishment, using up more than 20% of the national budget, kept the country together but also hindered economic progress. The infusion of massive economic aid enabled India to dismantle its wasteful military and push ahead with an industrial modernization program that diffused the hostilities and enmities. Giving increased cultural and linguistic autonomy to the Sikhs and other minorities kept the Confederation of India -- now also including Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka -- intact and as an increasingly prosperous trade bloc.

Latin America benefited similarly from the Grand Moral Strategy. The ruinous foreign debt was mostly forgiven or traded for debt-for-nature programs. Economic reforms could be instituted in most of the countries. Again it was possible to dismantle the military establishments, and shift resources to economic development. Significant steps also were taken to integrate Latin American countries economically, to avoid social and political turmoil. The extensive natural and human resources of the continent only needed political leadership and reasonable amounts of economic aid to start along the road to prosperity and democracy.

The World Development Plan also advocated economic cooperation among Third World countries. Their security guaranteed by the United States-Soviet Consortium, more and more of the countries abolished or severely cut their military forces. Improved educational systems and development aid started the modernization process for the long-neglected part of the world. The political systems continued to mature toward more participatory forms of government. Following the example of Eastern Europe many of the countries had free elections. The communications infrastructures that were set up in the Third World countries further facilitated the spread of democratic ideas.

Because of the critical nature of the problems of the world, not too much attention was given to long-term goals when the World Development Plan was initiated. There were too many fires to fight, to many crises to handle and too many actual or potential sources of violence that had to be handled immediately. Now that the worst crises were overcome, it was time to plan for the long-term future.

Paul already had a task force in the Peace Department considering long-term goals for humanity. They were now given a deadline to finalize and circulate for discussion by all the regions and countries of the world their results.

The proposed Long-Term World Development Plan had several major objectives:

Human Rights ... Or Duties?
(Excerpted from Global Forces Restructuring Our Future )

Clearly linked to the concept of relations between the sexes and races are human rights. Western society, which once took its cue from the Ten Commandments, has replaced these with various human rights declarations. Thus the Constitution of the United States features the Bill of Rights.

In all their provisions, such declarations, like the U.N.'s Universal Declarations of Human Rights, mention only the rights of people, not their duties. This one-sided stress on individual rights ignores the need for duties as their essential counterpart. A civilization that emphasizes rights without duties is doomed because it destroys personal dedication and responsibility. An emphasis on rights alone creates undesirable clashes between the rival demands of individuals and groups. Only by shifting our focus onto the duties of the individual that accompany our rights in the world community can individual rights be preserved.

As John F. Kennedy urged: "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country." It is the same in the world at large. What we really need is a declaration of planetary rights that place the planet, its environment and our global culture -- rather than individuals -- at the center of our concern. Once the necessary duties to the planet are carried out by us all, then individual rights will fall automatically into line and can be achieved.


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