The second administration of President Carey continued resolving
the problems of America. The vast energies of the nations were
finally mobilized. Astonishing progress was made in every area.
Well-functioning educational systems in every level and nearly every
locality were turning out the kind of graduates that were needed in
the economy and society. The national health insurance system
succeeded in raising life expectancy and other indicators of public
health to the highest standards of the industrialized world. Crime
rates were continuing to decline drastically. A tremendous renewal of
cities and the transportation infrastructure was creating full
employment. Ongoing automation in manufacturing and services made
America fully competitive in international trade. But the
competition's main purpose was to reach efficiency, not to gain
advantage over other countries.
The Grand Moral Strategy and its supporting World Development Plan was making excellent progress internationally. The continuing de-armament of nearly every country had a tremendous effect on reducing violence among ethnic groups, nationalities and other tribal groupings. The conflict prevention, conflict resolution and conflict abatement activities of the World Peace Force were becoming increasingly successful. Refugees from violence were resettled. The end of violence in most countries also ended the famines and malnutrition. A veritable flood of information and knowledge spread across all the continents and locations of the planet. This knowledge could be used to increase productivity in agriculture, manufacturing and trade. Development aid, corporate investments, bank loans provided the capital for the market economies of the countries. Unhampered by government intervention, entrepreneurs created new products and satisfied the needs of the consumers in their countries.
Paul knew that the world was becoming a governable place. His super-optimum solutions and peace confederations were eliminating trouble spots and were bringing together previously hostile nations. A world governance entity was becoming feasible. The United States and its allies were still carrying the brunt of the burden of creating a warless world. But it was becoming necessary to give up the mission, and make the special tasks become part of a governing entity.
The United Nations should have become this body. But it was still premature to assign world governance to a federated body of individual countries. With all the improvements in the economies and societies of the Third World, there was still too much of a gap between the most and the least prosperous parts of the world. What was needed was a governing entity functioning on the global level, but without the full powers of a federation. Paul picked up the idea of a World Authority from a political scientist of the '80s
The World Authority would be a new
international institution, designed to facilitate the transition to a
peaceful world. Requiring only a partial transfer of power, it will
allow maintenance of the nation-state system of international
relations, yet will provide a safe way of gradually abolishing war
and build a more equitable world economic order.
Present day global disorders are symptoms of the incapacity of existing international arrangements to contain and mediate tensions. The United Nations is not equipped to deal with world economic and political problems. Proposals for a world government through extension of U.N. powers or through a newly created World Parliament are unrealistic because they require the dissolution of the nation-state, which is unacceptable to most countries. A new social institution, carefully designed to overcome legitimate concerns, would be best equipped to handle the global problems of war and militarism, uneven economic development, environmental deterioration and the like.
The World Authority will be the culmination and logical outcome of the U.S. Grand Moral Strategy. The World Development Plan will set the stage for global economic, social and political development. The emergence of national Peace Forces and the several Peace Confederations will facilitate conflict resolution functions. A supra-national World Peace Force and a World Tribunal will secure voluntary compliance with the decisions of the World Authority. Substantial resources, made available by eliminating the arms race, can be applied to solve global environmental, population and resource problems.
The World Authority would require that the nation-state system should be maintained. Only a partial transfer of power would be made to the new institution. It could only operate effectively within its limited area of competence, dealing mostly with the abolition of war and militarism, and continuing the World Development Plan.
Existing agencies of the United Nations and other supra-national organizations -- such as the Universal Postal Union -- will be used as much as possible, supplemented by an international Peace Force raised from national contingents. Member nation-states will contribute funds, labor and other resources for executing global projects, economic development and peacekeeping activities.
A new legal framework would be developed, to delimit the authority and power of the World Authority. The World Tribunal would settle disputes, again under carefully safeguarded limit