Excessive homelessness

(Ref. 403)
Problem Components
Policy issue area: Society
Policy issue: Poverty
Description: Millions of Americans are without adequate housing.
Symptoms: Number of homeless people is estimated at 300,000 plus; more than 100,000 children are among the homeless (40% of homeless have dependent children); millions of others live in substandard housing.
Causes: Loss of jobs and chronic unemployment; loss of income by the employed; Federal housing budgets were cut by 75% over past decade; job training programs were cut by 80%; deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill without developing community facilities.
Cost of problem: -
Solution Components
Resources: Federal, state and local governments; charitable and concerned organizations; construction industry and labor unions.
Goal: Provide adequate and affordable housing to all Americans.
Program area: Community development
Program-remedy: 1. Substantial increases in the Federal housing programs
2. Creation of cooperative programs with state and local governments and the private/volunteer sector, to rehabilitate existing housing and for new construction
3. Develop new incentives (funds, tax benefits) for the private sector to construct affordable housing
4. Preserve the 1.9 million units of government-assisted housing units for low-income tenants.
Program-prevent: 1. Design a "National Housing Policy"
2. National policies for a growing and vibrant economy.
Cost of program: -
Beneficiaries: Families and individuals without adequate housing.

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