|Policy issue area:||Society|
|Description:||High rate of crime and harsh sentencing require continuous building and overcrowding of Federal, state and local prisons.|
|Symptoms:||U.S. incarceration rate is the highest in the world, with more than one million people imprisoned; many overcrowded prisons; increasingly brutal treatment of prisoners by officials; racist attitudes single out African-American males for punishment.|
|Causes:||Insufficient attention and emphasis to social problems that foster criminal attitudes; glorification of violence in the media and in public attitudes, such as militarism; epidemic of drug abuse, including alcohol and chemical substances; mandatory sentencing guidelines and other punitive community attitudes.|
|Cost of problem:||$25,000 per year to house a prisoner; removal of large numbers of potential workers from the economy.|
|Resources:||Concerned citizens and community organizations; research institutes; Federal, state and local governments.|
|Goal:||Reduce crime and imprisonment levels to those in other industrial countries (80% reduction).|
|Program area:||Human resources development|
|Program-remedy:||1. Focus detection and imprisonment on habitual offenders.
2. Modify mandatory sentencing laws
3. Develop alternatives to incarceration, such as boot camps and electronic monitoring of parolees.
|Program-prevent:||1. Develop programs that attack underlying social problems and causes contributing
to crime and delinquency -- generate employment, provide quality education, health
care and housing
2. Educational system and community organizations working together to educate in traditional moral values.
|Cost of program:||-|
|Beneficiaries:||Potential victims of crime; business and industry|
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