Inadequate school system

(Ref. 411)
Problem Components
Policy issue area: Society
Policy issue: Education
Description: Quality of education has declined, and is no longer able to meet the challenges of rapid economic changes and the competition of other technologically advanced nations.
Symptoms: Decline in national test scores; decline in literacy and math skills; large number of school drop-outs (25% in 1990); insufficient numbers of technically trained scientists and engineers; severe budget cuts in both Federal and local budgets, including research for education; experts rate American high schools among the lowest of the industrialized countries.
Causes: Social changes; impact of TV; Administration's budget policies.
Cost of problem: -
Solution Components
Resources: Educational institutions; educators; Federal, state and local government; business and industry.
Goal: 1. Graduates of educational system should speak, read and write English with complete fluency
2. Schools should teach excellence in math, science, foreign languages and the fine arts
3. An ample supply of teachers, properly compensated, should be available
4. Relevant vocational training, and opportunities for life-time education and retraining should be provided
5. Encourage talent development among minorities and women.
Program area: Human resources development
Program-remedy: 1. Enlist Federal resources in a national campaign for quality education -- National Literacy Project
2. Support state and local efforts to improve the quality of schools, including efforts to enhance discipline, tightening achievement standards, teachers' competency evaluations, increased salaries for teachers, remedial educational programs, and cooperation with local businesses in vocational training
3. Support policies and funding for equality of educational opportunities, including preschool programs
4. Enlist the best experts of the nation to participate in educational curriculum projects at all levels of education
5. Provide Federal support and inducements to increase the supply of competent teachers
6. Provide Federal funding to local initiatives aimed at improving the quality of education, encouraging partnerships among educational institutions, business, labor and government.
Program-prevent: 1. Support efforts to make television build values and knowledge for school age children
2. Increased teaching of values and ethics in schools, including the work ethic.
Cost of program: -
Beneficiaries: The nation's youth; business and industry; society at large.

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