|Policy issue area:||Science|
|Policy issue:||Science policy|
|Description:||Insufficient utilization of science to solve national and world problems.|
|Symptoms:||Frequent adverse effects of scientific discoveries; misuse and waste of scientific research; lack of focus and direction of research; growing anti-science and anti- technology attitudes; continued (and in some cases growing) national and global problems where science and technology are not used properly.|
|Causes:||Lack of political leadership; lack of interest or involvement on the part of scientists beyond their own field.|
|Cost of problem:||-|
|Resources:||Universities and research institutes; Federal and state governments; scientists.|
|Goal:||1. Encourage scientific inquiry that serves the broad public interest in all publicly-funded
2. Encourage publicly-funded research in the areas posing the greatest problems and threats to human existence.
|Program area:||Knowledge development|
|Program-remedy:||1. Develop mechanisms for setting priorities, to direct the focus of scientific inquiry
toward urgent problems, and away from self-serving interests
2. Create institutional mechanisms to evaluate the value and returns on scientific research.
|Program-prevent:||1. Preserve and expand the human resource base for science through education grants
2. Cooperation with scientists world-wide to reduce duplication of effort.
|Cost of program:||-|
|Beneficiaries:||Business and industry; human populations world-wide.|
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