World population increase

(Ref. 706)
Problem Components
Policy issue area: World
Policy issue: Society
Description: Surging world population is causing economic and political instability in many countries.
Symptoms: World population is expected to increase from about 5 billion to 6 billion by 2000; slowing of world economic growth will cause in many countries a decline in per capita income; lack of jobs and poverty contributes to political instability; population pressures in many countries are causing environmental deterioration.
Causes: Pro-natalist bias of many cultures; lack of family planning programs; inefficient governments.
Cost of problem: -
Solution Components
Resources: Governments of industrialized countries; universities and research institutes; world organizations.
Goal: Control population to reach a balance with economic development.
Program area: World social development
Program-remedy: 1. National family planning and population control programs
2. Governmental commitments to reduce fertility
3. Economic incentives or disincentives to encourage small families
4. Increase worldwide family planning program expenditures fourfold (from about $1 billion to $4 billion).
Program-prevent: Public education programs that link population growth to the long term interest of society and families.
Cost of program: -
Beneficiaries: Populations of Third World countries, especially women.

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